Our Georgia History

American Indian Inhabitation Timeline
Southeastern United States

Paleolithic 20000BC 8000BC Note: paleo - old; lithic - stone. This culture is noted for its stone tools, most notably arrowheads. At Topper in South Carolina and Georgia, microtools are the earliest known evidence of this culture in North America (more). Man ("homo sapiens") probably pre-dates the development of stone tools in North America by 20,000 years.
  Early 20000BC 13000BC Early paleolithic North Americans are highly-mobile nomadic hunters who use stone to make crude tools and weapons to hunt mega-fauna.
  Late 13000BC 8000BC Some gathering occurs. Occupation of areas may be seasonal.
Archaic 8000BC 1000BC The great leap of the Archaic period is the first cultivation of crops.
  Early 8000BC 5000BC  
  Middle 5000BC 2000BC Start of sustained agriculture.
  Late 2000BC 1000BC  
Woodland 2000BC 1000AD Woodland Indians began to develop pottery and carving that tend to indicate an increasingly complex trade structure with individuals having to spend less time hunting and gathering food.
Moundbuilder 2500BC 1560AD This unique cultural development arose in northeast Louisiana during the late Archaic era, spreading inland along the Mississippi-Missouri-Ohio River complex. In the Ohio River valley the Adena moundbuilders constructed effigy mounds. Later the Hopewell once again spread moundbuilder control. Around 800AD a final group of Moundbuilders, the Mississippians, moved east from the Mississippi and extended its control to the broadest ever, from present-day New Mexico to New York and from Minnesota to Louisiana,
Creek 1500 1836 Confederacy of about 12 independent tribes in Georgia; Name comes from the "Ocheessee Creek" Indians, English name for a group of Indians who lived near Ocmulgee River. They merely dropped the "Ocheessee" when referring to the Indians. For more information see History of the Creek Indians
Cherokee 1450 1838 For 400 years the Cherokee not only ruled present-day north Georgia, but significant areas of North and South Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Kentucky and Ohio. When they were removed on the tragic "Trail of Tears" most of the Eastern Cherokee were living in Georgia, their "Enchanted Land."

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