Our Georgia History
 

Charles Jones Jenkins
January 6, 1805 Charles Jenkins born, Beauford District, South Carolina
  Charles Jones Jenkins
November 15, 1865 Charles Jenkins elected governor. He is the only candidate
  Charles Jones Jenkins
December 14, 1865 Charles Jones Jenkins begins term as governor of Georgia
  Charles Jones Jenkins
  Governors of Georgia, 1801-1900
December 19, 1865 Governor James Johnson, who had been appointed by Andrew Johnson (no relation), gives up the position to Charles Jenkins, who had been inaugurated five days earlier
  Charles Jones Jenkins
January 13, 1868 Thomas Ruger ordered to become "provisional governor" of Georgia, replacing Gov. Charles Jenkins, who refused to pay for a state constitutional convention. Jenkins flees the state.
  Charles Jones Jenkins
  Governors of Georgia, 1801-1900
July 11, 1877 State constitutional convention is seated. Former governor Charles Jenkins is chair.
  Charles Jones Jenkins
June 14, 1883 Former governor Charles Jenkins dies.
  Charles Jones Jenkins
August 17, 1905 Jenkins County created
  Charles Jones Jenkins
  Creation of Georgia Counties
  Jenkins County, Georgia


Charles Jenkins may be best known today as the first elected governor of Georgia after the Civil War and the last governor to occupy the Governor's Mansion in Milledgeville, but this Augustan was considerably more than that. Jenkins served both as solicitor, and as a state representative in the Georgia house. He gained national attention in 1850 with his "Georgia Platform," which was conciliatory in tone about slavery in territories of the United States.

The national exposure brought him a vice-presidential bid on the National Union party but the ticket did not receive any electoral votes. A devout Christian, Jenkins believed that Georgia had the right to secede if the federal government committed an overt act against the South, such as manumission of the slaves. Jenkins also believed that Lincoln had not committed such an act. Just before the start of the Civil War, governor Joseph Brown appointed him to associate justice of the Georgia Supreme Court. He would serve in this position during the Civil War.

After the war, Jenkins was the sole candidate in the election of 1865 to replace pro-Union governor James Johnson. The election actually preceded Georgia's ratification of the 13th Amendment (slavery and involuntary servitude ends, unless a punishment for crime), a requirement to end Presidential Reconstruction. With its passing, and Jenkins inauguration, Johnson realized he had to relinquish the governorship.





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