Our Georgia History
 

Dahlonega Mint
March 3, 1835 Branch mints were created by the United States Congress including one in Dahlonega, Georgia, center of the world's first gold rush
  Dahlonega, Georgia
  Dahlonega Mint
April 22, 1837 Equipment to be used at the U. S. Mint in Dahlonega is shipped from Philadelphia
  Dahlonega, Georgia
  Dahlonega Mint
February 12, 1838 Dahlonega mint officially opens for business
  Dahlonega, Georgia
  Dahlonega Mint
April 21, 1838 First coins ($5.00 gold pieces) are produced at the at the U.S. mint in Dahlonega, Georgia.
  Dahlonega, Georgia
  Dahlonega Mint
April 29, 1871 U. S. Government "gives" the Dahlonega Mint to the state of Georgia for use in North Georgia College.
  Dahlonega, Georgia
  Dahlonega Mint
December 20, 1878 Early on the morning fire destroyed the Branch Mint at Dahlonega, Georgia. The building had been given to North Georgia College by the U. S. Congress in 1873. This date is often given as December 19.
  Dahlonega, Georgia
  Dahlonega Mint


A branch of the U. S. Mint in Philadelphia opened in Dahlonega in 1838 after the Georgia Gold Rush of 1829 brought thousands of people into the Cherokee Nation in search of riches. Until it closed shortly after the start of The Civil War the Dahlonega Mint coined more than $6 million in gold. In 1873 the U. S. Congress donated the building to North Georgia College. The building burned in 1878

Three mints chartered by Congress in the Mint Act of 1835 were in Charlotte, North Carolina, New Orleans, Louisiana, and Daholonega, Georgia. The Branch Mint at Dahlonega had heavy political support from none other than John C. Calhoun, who was an investor and occasional visitor to the area. Ignatius Few, who would later become famous as the founder of Emory University, represented the federal government and purchased land for the mint from one William Worley.

In 1837, J. J. (John Joseph) Singleton was appointed superintendent of the mint, a position he would hold until 1843. Singleton moved to Jefferson, Georgia as a young man, became a doctor and served in the state house. In 1837 he accepted the appointment as superintendent and journeyed to Dahlonega to oversee the completion of the branch mint. Three months after accepting the position in Dahlonega the equipment to assay the gold and mint the coins was shipped from Philadelphia. One of many problems the new superintendent faced was a shortage of zinc that meant the mint did not yet have a roof. In the summer of 1837 Ignatius Few left the completion of building the physical mint to Superintendent Singleton.

After completing the roof and installing the machinery in November, 1837, Singleton set the date of Feburary 12, 1838 as the first date to receive gold. That year the Branch Mint in Dahlonega produced slightly more than $102,000 in gold coin.

In 1843 James Cooper became superintendent.




Return to Index


FrontHistory 101Early GeorgiaAmerican IndiansSearch
WarsPeopleTimelineListsPlacesPoetry




Golden Ink
Georgia's innovative design group


Legal Notice
Privacy Policy
Copyright