Entitled "Treaty with the Cherokee, 1785" but called the Hopewell Treaty because it was signed in the town of Hopewell, South Carolina (since abandoned), on the Keowee River, this is the treaty that gave the Cherokee the phrase "talking leaves." When the white man's words no longer suited him, they would blow away like talking leaves. The treaty was signed for the United States by Benjamin Hawkins
, Andrew Pickens, and Joseph Martin. Other notables who signed this treaty included William Blount, Jesse Walton and James Madison. Hopewell did not technically cede any land, but defined a western boundary of settlement, except for a group of people in the French Broad and Holstein River area.