Our Georgia History
 

Lachlan McIntosh
March 17, 1725 Lachlan McIntosh born near Raits, in Badenoch, Scotland.
  Lachlan McIntosh
January 7, 1776 Lachlan McIntosh appointed Colonel of Georgia troops
  Georgia and the American Revolution
  Lachlan McIntosh
February 16, 1776 Col. Lachlan McIntosh, commander of Amercan forces in Georgia, informs General Washington of of five British warships in Tybee Inlet. (Syren, Scarborough, Raven, Tamer, and Cherokee)
  Lachlan McIntosh
  George Washington
October 22, 1776 Lachlan McIntosh orders William McIntosh to build a fort (Fort McIntosh) on the Satilla River to protect settlers from the Florida Rangers
  Georgia and the American Revolution
  Lachlan McIntosh
March 27, 1777 Unable to raise a militia large enough to accomplish his goals, Button Gwinnett requests the assistance of Continental commander Lachlan McIntosh to launch the Second Florida Expedition
  Button Gwinnett
  Second Florida Expedition
  Lachlan McIntosh
April 14, 1777 Main body of Continental troops, under the command of Lachlan McIntosh arrives at Sunbury.
  Lachlan McIntosh
  Second Florida Expedition
April 15, 1777 Gwinnett, as leader of the militia, attempts to call a council of war. McIntosh and his commanders, trained Continental soldiers, cannot believe that a politician with no military experience has called such a council and do not attend.
  Lachlan McIntosh
  Button Gwinnett
  Second Florida Expedition
April 16, 1777 General Lachlan McIntosh begins to move his Continentals south. Gwinnett orders his militia to stay in Sunbury. When McIntosh finds out about Gwinnett's order he tries to draw supplies to which he is entitled from the quartermaster. Gwinnett has the quartermaster refuse the request.
  Lachlan McIntosh
  Button Gwinnett
  Second Florida Expedition
May 1, 1777 General Lachlan McIntosh addresses the General Assembly, denouncing Button Gwinnett by calling him a "scoundrel and lying rascal."
  Button Gwinnett
  Lachlan McIntosh
May 15, 1777 Button Gwinnett challenges General Lachlan McIntosh to a duel.
  Lachlan McIntosh
  Button Gwinnett
May 16, 1777 Button Gwinnett, with his second George Wells and Lachlan McIntosh, with his second Col. Joseph Habersham square off in a duel just east of Savannah, Georgia. At 12 paces (about 60 feet), the General and Gwinnett fire pistols. McIntosh sustains an wound in his leg while Gwinnett is shot in the hip. Unaware of the severity of Gwinnett's wound, McIntosh asks if Gwinnett wants to duel again.
  City of Savannah, Georgia
  Button Gwinnett
  Georgia and the American Revolution
  Lachlan McIntosh
May 19, 1777 Button Gwinnett dies from wounds received in a duel with Lachlan McIntosh
  Savannah, Georgia births and deaths
  Button Gwinnett
  Georgia and the American Revolution
  Lachlan McIntosh
August 6, 1777 Continental General Lachlan McIntosh is ordered to report to George Washington.
  Lachlan McIntosh
  George Washington
October 10, 1777 Lachlan McIntosh leaves Georgia to report to Continental Army Commander George Washington. Colonel Samuel Elbert takes command of the Georgia brigade
  Samuel Elbert
  Lachlan McIntosh
May 26, 1778 Lachlan McIntosh is ordered to Fort Pitt as commanding officer
  Lachlan McIntosh
May 12, 1780 Benjamin Lincoln surrenders his command, Charleston, SC
  Andrew Pickens
  Benjamin Lincoln
  Thomas Sumter
  Lachlan McIntosh
February 9, 1782 Lachlan McIntosh, captured Continental general exchanged for a British prisoner
  Georgia and the American Revolution
  Lachlan McIntosh
May 12, 1791 George Washington reaches Savannah via ship and is greeted by, among others, Noble W. Jones, Lachlan McIntosh, Joseph Habersham, and John Houstoun
  City of Savannah, Georgia
  John Houstoun, Patriot
  Lachlan McIntosh
  George Washington in Georgia
  George Washington
December 19, 1793 McIntosh County created
  Lachlan McIntosh
  Creation of Georgia Counties
  McIntosh County, Georgia
February 20, 1806 Lachlan McIntosh dies, Savannah
  Savannah, Georgia births and deaths
  Lachlan McIntosh


He was perhaps the most famous Georgian of the American Revolution, serving at Valley Forge, commanding the Western Theater, fighting in the Siege of Savannah, and becoming a prisoner of war after the surrender of Charleston, South Carolina. He is most frequently noted as having killed a signer of the Declaration of Independence (Button Gwinnett) in a duel in Thunderbolt (near Savannah) on property once belonging to Royal Governor James Wright less than a year after the signing of the document.

Lachlan McIntosh was a politically conservative leader in Georgia at a time when the state was deeply divided. Opposing him was Button Gwinnett. Repeatedly Gwinnett and McIntosh clashed over essentially trivial matters until Gwinnett was elected the leader of the executive branch of the government while McIntosh was put in charge of the troops.

While on the Second Florida Expedition the feud boiled over and Gwinnett and McIntosh returned to Savannah, where Gwinnett challenged him to a duel. The Scotsman severely wounded Gwinnett, who died three days later.

Luckily, McIntosh was a commander in the Continental Army and to preserve peace in Georgia, General George Washington ordered McIntosh to report for reassignment just as Gwinnett's political buddies were preparing to arrest him on a murder charge. After serving at Valley Forge during the Winter of 1777-1778 he was sent west to command Fort Pitt (now Pittsburg) on the frontier.

He returned to Georgia to during the battle of Savannah (1779). Failing to liberate the city McIntosh and Lincoln moved northeast to Charleston, to defend the port from British attack. When that city fell on May 12, 1780, McIntosh was taken prisoner.

After the war he continued to play a role in Georgia history and government, and greeted President Washington when he arrived in Savannah in 1791




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