Our Georgia History
 

Original Cherokee County
December 3, 1828 Bill is introduced in the Georgia legislature to extend the laws of the state into the Cherokee Nation.
  Original Cherokee County
June 1, 1830 Hall, Habersham, Carroll, Dekalb and Gwinnett Counties are now responsible for enforcing civil law in the Cherokee Nation, at least as far as the state of Georgia is concerned
  Original Cherokee County
  Hall County, Georgia
  Habersham County, Georgia
  Carroll County, Georgia
  DeKalb County, Georgia
  Gwinnett County, Georgia
December 21, 1830 Cherokee Nation formally claimed by the state of Georgia
  Original Cherokee County
December 26, 1831 The original Cherokee County created
  Lumpkin County, Georgia
  Gilmer County, Georgia
  Floyd County, Georgia
  Forsyth County, Georgia
  Bartow County, Georgia
  Cass County, Georgia
  Cobb County, Georgia
  Cherokee County, Georgia
  Original Cherokee County
  Forsyth County, Georgia
November 24, 1832 Start of the sixth land lottery. Georgia did not own the land it was giving to settlers
  Cobb County, Georgia
  Georgia Land Lotteries
  Original Cherokee County
  Gilmer County, Georgia
  Cherokee County, Georgia
  Cass County, Georgia
  Floyd County, Georgia
  Walker County, Georgia
  Union County, Georgia
  Forsyth County, Georgia
  Murray County, Georgia
  Lumpkin County, Georgia
December 3, 1832 Union County created
  Creation of Georgia Counties
  Original Cherokee County
  Union County, Georgia
December 3, 1832 Paulding County created
  Creation of Georgia Counties
  Original Cherokee County
  Paulding County, Georgia
December 3, 1832 Murray County created
  Creation of Georgia Counties
  Original Cherokee County
  Murray County, Georgia
December 3, 1832 Lumpkin County created
  Creation of Georgia Counties
  Original Cherokee County
  Lumpkin County, Georgia
December 3, 1832 Gilmer County created
  Creation of Georgia Counties
  Original Cherokee County
  Gilmer County, Georgia
December 3, 1832 Forsyth County created
  Creation of Georgia Counties
  Original Cherokee County
  Forsyth County, Georgia
December 3, 1832 Floyd County created
  Creation of Georgia Counties
  Original Cherokee County
  Floyd County, Georgia
December 3, 1832 Cobb County created
  Creation of Georgia Counties
  Original Cherokee County
  Cobb County, Georgia
December 3, 1832 Cass County created
  Lewis Cass
  Bartow County, Georgia
  Creation of Georgia Counties
  Original Cherokee County
  Cass County, Georgia
December 3, 1832 Cherokee County created
  Creation of Georgia Counties
  Original Cherokee County
  Cherokee County, Georgia
December 29, 1835 Members of the Ridge or Treaty Party sign the Treaty of New Echota, without the approval of the Cherokee National Council.
  Georgia Land Lotteries
  Original Cherokee County


Georgia coveted more than 7200 square miles of land in present-day north and northwest Georgia that belonged to the Cherokee Indians. It took the Georgia legislature six times to annex this land into the state. Each of the first five times the legislature realized they had made an error, and attempted to correct the problem.

Creation of the original county (in 1831) should not be viewed as the creation of a normal geo-political county unit. This large landmass did have a county seat in Harnage (now Tate, Georgia) along the old Federal Highway, but did not have the political infrastructure in place to handle even a small amount of civil or criminal cases -- these were handled, for the most part by bordering counties, and no structure was in place to deed land or handle the other functions of a county government. Another reason why this cannot be viewed as a legitimate county - Georgia did not own the land.

No legal treaty had been signed, or would ever be signed, ceding the land to the state of Georgia. Andrew Jackson and his Cherokee-hating cohorts, both in the state and federal government, would use the corrupt Treaty of New Echota to take the land that did not belong to them.





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