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Rene Goulaine De Laudonniere
February 18, 1562 French explorer Jean Ribault leaves France with a party of Hugonauts and heads to Port Royal to establish a colony.
  Rene Goulaine De Laudonniere
  Jean Ribault
September 4, 1564 Captain Bourdet, a privateer, arrives at Fort Caroline.
  Rene Goulaine De Laudonniere
July 6, 1565 In a letter known as "Declaracion de lo que vino del la Florida," Pedro Menendez de Aviles indicates that he is not sure whether the fort at St. John's is English, French or both.
  Rene Goulaine De Laudonniere
August 3, 1565 Laudonniere witnessed the arrival of Sir John Hawkins, an English privateer. Having successfully completed a mission of selling slaves to the Spanish, Hawkins agrees to sell Laudonniere a ship.
  Rene Goulaine De Laudonniere
August 27, 1565 Spanish ambassador to England Guzman de Silva reports that English privateer John Hawkins built a fort on the St. John's River before Rene de Laudonniere (this is probably not true)
  Rene Goulaine De Laudonniere
September 10, 1565 Jean Ribault, having followed the Spanish fleet north, put into Ft. Caroline. Informed of the Spanish movement from Havana, Ribault, Laudonniere and others leave to attack the Spanish settlement by sea.
  Jean Ribault
  Rene Goulaine De Laudonniere
September 20, 1565 Spanish soldiers attack Ft. Caroline, easily scaling the ramparts. They massacre the remaining French settlers. Spain now controls the entire Southeastern seaboard
  Rene Goulaine De Laudonniere
October 12, 1565 Jean Ribault dies, killed by Spanish soldiers under orders from Pedro Menendez de Aviles. Intending to attack Menendez in St. Augustine, Ribault and Rene Goulaine De Laudonniere (Rene Laudonniere) have their fleet destroyed by a hurricane. Laudonniere escapes, but Ribault is wash ashore, discovered by Spanish troops and eventually stabbed to death.
  Jean Ribault
  Rene Goulaine De Laudonniere


Commonly known as Rene Laudonniere. Having explored the Southeastern coast of America with Jean Ribault in 1562, Laudonniere returned in 1564 while Ribault was being held prisoner in the Tower of London. Laudonniere returned to a struggling colony and decided to move it south to the St. John's River, which Ribault had discovered on the earlier journey. The remaining colonists, plus 300 new settlers established Fort Caroline (present-day Jacksonville, Fl.)

After a year the new colony was in serious trouble. Laudonniere secured a ship from a passing privateer and was preparing to head back to France when Jean Ribault showed up with 600 settlers and soldiers. Together they set sail on the newly established St. Augustine, only to run into a heavy storm, which destroyed their fleet. Ribault was captured and murdered by the Spanish forces but Laudonniere managed to return to France.

Spanish forces overran the remaining settlers at Fort Caroline, ending French presence in the New World.




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