Our Georgia History
 

Second Florida Expedition
March 4, 1777 Georgia's Council of Safety gives President Button Gwinnett the authority to organize the militia and proceed with an attack on Florida. This is known as the Second Florida Expedition.
  Button Gwinnett
  Second Florida Expedition
March 27, 1777 Unable to raise a militia large enough to accomplish his goals, Button Gwinnett requests the assistance of Continental commander Lachlan McIntosh to launch the Second Florida Expedition
  Button Gwinnett
  Second Florida Expedition
  Lachlan McIntosh
April 13, 1777 Main body of Georgia militia arrive at Sunbury under the command of Button Gwinnett.
  Button Gwinnett
  Second Florida Expedition
April 14, 1777 Main body of Continental troops, under the command of Lachlan McIntosh arrives at Sunbury.
  Lachlan McIntosh
  Second Florida Expedition
April 15, 1777 Gwinnett, as leader of the militia, attempts to call a council of war. McIntosh and his commanders, trained Continental soldiers, cannot believe that a politician with no military experience has called such a council and do not attend.
  Lachlan McIntosh
  Button Gwinnett
  Second Florida Expedition
April 16, 1777 General Lachlan McIntosh begins to move his Continentals south. Gwinnett orders his militia to stay in Sunbury. When McIntosh finds out about Gwinnett's order he tries to draw supplies to which he is entitled from the quartermaster. Gwinnett has the quartermaster refuse the request.
  Lachlan McIntosh
  Button Gwinnett
  Second Florida Expedition
May 1, 1777 Overshadowed by the McIntosh-Gwinnett feud, Elbert departs from Sunbury heading south to the Georgia-Florida border
  Samuel Elbert
  Second Florida Expedition
  Button Gwinnett
May 12, 1777 Florida Rangers rout Georgians waiting to meet Samuel Elbert on the Florida side of the St. Mary River
  Samuel Elbert
  Second Florida Expedition
May 17, 1777 Georgia Whigs ambushed at Thomas Creek (present-day site of Jacksonville, Florida) in a decisive battle marking the end of the Second Florida Expedition
  Second Florida Expedition
May 26, 1777 Second Florida Expedition returns to Savannah
  City of Savannah, Georgia
  Second Florida Expedition
  Georgia and the American Revolution


This disastrous advance of combined American forces (Continentals and Georgia militia) was so fractious that it ended in the death of Button Gwinnett, chief executive of the state of Georgia (he did not have the title of Governor) and leader of the militia, by Lachan McIntosh, commander of the Continentals. A day after the duel, Col. Samuel Elbert's forces (a detachment under the command of John Baker) were defeated in the battle of Thomas Creek. Second Florida Expedition




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