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Georgia History Timeline / Chronology 1864
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February 6, 1864 Popular Confederate raider John Hunt Morgan receives a hero's welcome when he arrives in Atlanta
  Atlanta, Georgia (through 1900)
February 22, 1864 First battle of Dalton
February 27, 1864
  Civil War - 1864
  Whitfield County, Georgia
  William Tecumseh Sherman
February 24, 1864 Prisoners (about 500) begin arriving at Camp Sumter in Andersonville, Georgia
  Camp Sumter, Andersonville, Georgia
February 28, 1864 The CSS Nashville is sunk off Genesis Point on the Great Ogeechee River (near Fort McAllister)
  Civil War - 1864
March 3, 1864 Fort McAllister fired on by ironclad vessels
  Civil War - 1864
March 27, 1864 Herny Wirz takes command of the inmates at Camp Sumter (Andersonville)
  Camp Sumter, Andersonville, Georgia
April 10, 1864 Dr. Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Rebels as she searched for Georgia women to treat following the battles of Chickamauga and Chattanooga.
May 4, 1864 14 Confederate soldiers who deserted from the Army of Tennessee are shot in Whitfield County outside of Dalton, Georgia
  Whitfield County, Georgia
May 7, 1864 Union officers are transferred from Camp Sumter (Andersonville) to Camp Oglethorpe, on the Macon fairgrounds
  City of Macon, Georgia
  Camp Sumter, Andersonville, Georgia
May 8, 1864 Battle of Rocky Face (Dalton)
May 11, 1864
  Civil War - 1864
  Whitfield County, Georgia
  William Tecumseh Sherman
May 13, 1864 Battle of Resaca
May 13, 1864
  Civil War - 1864
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  General George Thomas
May 14, 1864 John Gordon commissioned Major General, CSA
  John Brown Gordon
May 18, 1864 Battle of Woodlands fought on the estate of Godfrey Barnsley outside Adairsville
  Civil War - 1864
  Godfrey Barnsley and Barnsley Gardens
May 18, 1864 Major General Lafayette McLaws is placed in command of the defenses of Savannah, Georgia
  City of Savannah, Georgia
  Lafayette McLaws
May 18, 1864 Battle of Adairsville
  Godfrey Barnsley and Barnsley Gardens
  William Tecumseh Sherman
May 25, 1864 Battle of New Hope Church
May 26, 1864
  Civil War - 1864
  William Tecumseh Sherman
May 27, 1864 Battle of Picketts Mill
  Civil War - 1864
  Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
  General George Thomas
May 29, 1864 Battle of Dallas
  Civil War - 1864
  William Tecumseh Sherman
June 14, 1864 Confederate General and Episcopal Bishop Leonidas Polk is killed by enemy artillery fire on Pine Mountain
June 15, 1864 Battle of Pine Knob and Battle of Gilgal Church are fought just west of Pine Mountain. Joe Hooker's XX Corps engages Hardee's Corp.
June 22, 1864 Battle of Kolb's Farm
  William Tecumseh Sherman
June 27, 1864 Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
  Civil War - 1864
  Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Cobb County, Georgia
July 2, 1864 Harpers Weekly features sketch of the "Battle of Woodlands"
  Godfrey Barnsley and Barnsley Gardens
July 2, 1864 Union force capture Sweetwater Mill at New Manchester, GA.
July 5, 1864 Kennar Garrard secures Roswell Mill, a major objective of William Tecumseh Sherman's Atlanta Campaign
  Civil War - 1864
July 9, 1864 Sweetwater Mill at New Manchester, GA is burned. The women and children are sent north to Louisville, where they are released north of the Ohio River.
July 10, 1864 More than 200 women and female children may have been sexually assaulted near the site of the Roswell Cotton Mill. Although compelling evidence exists to support this theory, it is all circumstantial.
  William Tecumseh Sherman
July 20, 1864 Battle of Peachtree Creek
  Civil War - 1864
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  General George Thomas
July 22, 1864 Battle of Atlanta
  Civil War - 1864
  William Tecumseh Sherman
July 26, 1864 Robert Houstoun Anderson promoted to Brigadier General
  General Robert H. Anderson
July 28, 1864 Battle of Ezra Church
  Civil War - 1864
  William Tecumseh Sherman
July 29, 1864 Construction begins on Camp Lawton north of Millen, Georgia (Jenkins County) to alleviate the overcrowded conditions at Camp Sumter in Andersville, Georgia.
  Jenkins County, Georgia
  Camp Sumter, Andersonville, Georgia
July 30, 1864 Battle of Brown's Mill
  Civil War - 1864
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Battle of Brown's Mill
August 1, 1864 Prisoner population at Andersonville exceeds 30,000 and is rapidly rising
  Camp Sumter, Andersonville, Georgia
August 2, 1864 Stoneman's Raiders are repelled by Georgia Rebels at Barber's Creek
  Civil War - 1864
  William Tecumseh Sherman
August 5, 1864 Battle of Utoy Creek
August 7, 1864
  Civil War - 1864
  William Tecumseh Sherman
August 9, 1864 Union Army begins an almost continuous artillery barrage on downtown Atlanta
August 11, 1864 Prisoner population at Andersonville reaches 33,000, deaths occasionally reach 100 per day.
  Camp Sumter, Andersonville, Georgia
August 14, 1864 Second battle of Dalton
August 15, 1864
  Civil War - 1864
  Whitfield County, Georgia
  William Tecumseh Sherman
August 20, 1864 Battle of Lovejoy's Station
  Civil War - 1864
  Clayton County, Georgia
  William Tecumseh Sherman
August 31, 1864 Battle of Jonesboro (Jonesborough)
September 1, 1864
  Clayton County, Georgia
  William Tecumseh Sherman
September 1, 1864 With the railroad to Macon cut at Jonesboro, John Bell Hood sets fire to the roundhouse that evening and retreats. Most locomotives are destroyed when munitions in the boxcars explode. Among the survivors is the heavily damaged General
  Atlanta, Georgia (through 1900)
September 2, 1864 Mayor James Calhoun surrenders Atlanta to Colonel John Coburn. Coburn had advanced to the present-day corner of Marietta St. and Northside Parkway to scout the city following a series of loud explosions throughout the night.
  Civil War - 1864
  Atlanta, Georgia (through 1900)
September 4, 1864 General William Tecumseh Sherman orders the evacuation of all non-combatants living in the city of Atlanta
September 5, 1864 William Tecumseh Sherman arrives in Atlanta
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Atlanta, Georgia (through 1900)
September 11, 1864 Families in Atlanta prepare to leave the city under protest. Sherman ordered their evacuation a week earlier.
October 5, 1864 Battle of Allatoona Pass
  Civil War - 1864
  William Tecumseh Sherman
October 13, 1864 Battle of Rice Springs, GA
  Civil War - 1864
November 2, 1864 The Lucy (Confederate blockade runner) is captured in the Gulf Stream by the Federal cruiser Santiago-de-Cuba. Sidney Lanier, signal officer for the Lucy is on board. He is taken to Point Lookout prison [US].
  Sidney Lanier
November 9, 1864 General William Tecumseh Sherman issues the first orders (Special Orders No. 120), from Kingston, Georgia (Bartow County) directly related to his "March to the Sea." Over the next few days the city of Rome will be destroyed and track from Atlanta to Chattanooga will be torn up, some transported to Tennessee for later use, some twisted into Sherman's hairpins or Sherman's neckties and left by the side of the railroad.
  Civil War - 1864
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  March to the Sea
  Rome, Georgia
November 10, 1864 General John Corse orders infrastructure in Rome, GA destroyed if it could be used for war. Among the buildings burned were two depots, warehouses, and a grist mill.
  March to the Sea
November 12, 1864 Corse requests permission to destroy the towns of Cedartown, Van Wert and Buchanan, south of Rome. Sherman tells Corse to wait, effectively sparing the towns.
  March to the Sea
November 13, 1864 Confederate Cavalry commander Joseph "Fightin' Joe" Wheeler arrives in Jonesboro, Georgia
  March to the Sea
November 13, 1864 Downtown Marietta destroyed by Union Cavalry General Judson Kilpatrick
  Marietta, GA
  March to the Sea
November 13, 1864 Federal troops destroy Acworth, Georgia
  March to the Sea
November 14, 1864 Sherman arrives at his Atlanta headquarters with some 45,000 troops. Some 15,000 more join him in the city.
  March to the Sea
November 15, 1864 Right Wing of Sherman's Army leaves East Point, heading to the southeast towards Stockbridge, where they spend the night. Sweeping the front of the Right Wing, Judson Kilpatrick skirmishes with men under Joseph Wheeler in Jonesboro. Wheeler pulls back to Griffin.
  March to the Sea
November 15, 1864 City of Atlanta burned under orders from General Sherman during the March to the Sea. A special battering ram was used to destroy the stone and brick railroad depot. Because of the city's size, it took the Union Cavalry nearly a day to complete the task, beginning this evening and completing the task the following afternoon.
  Civil War - 1864
  March to the Sea
  William Tecumseh Sherman
November 16, 1864 Right Wing spends the night in McDonough.
  March to the Sea
November 16, 1864 Sherman leaves Atlanta having reorganized his men into two "wings" of two corps apiece. The Left Wing is commanded by Henry Slocum, the Right Wing by O. O. Howard. Sherman's strategic plan is for the Left Wing to make a feint on Augusta while the Right Wing makes a feint at Macon, forcing the remaining Confederate troops to be split between the two towns.
  City of Augusta, Georgia
  City of Macon, Georgia
  March to the Sea
November 17, 1864 Kilpatrick engages Wheeler near Forsyth ahead of the Right Wing of Sherman's Army. Right Wing spends the night in Jackson and Indian Springs, Georgia
  March to the Sea
November 17, 1864 Lithonia's railroad depot, track, and some homes are destroyed by the Left Wing
  March to the Sea
November 18, 1864 Joseph Wheeler arrives to defend Macon. Along with Howell Cobb, William Hardee and G. P. T. Beauregard, the city had about 10,000 men to defend it.
  City of Macon, Georgia
  March to the Sea
  Howell Cobb
November 18, 1864 Forward elements of the Left Wing reach Social Circle.
  March to the Sea
November 18, 1864 Union troops pass through Covington, Georgia
  March to the Sea
  Newton County, Georgia
November 19, 1864 Left Wing arrives in Rutledge. General John Geary is detached from the main column and ordered to make a feint on Augusta. He encounters resistance at Buckhead and burns bridges over the Oconee River and destroys a rail depot in the town.
  City of Augusta, Georgia
  March to the Sea
November 20, 1864 Investigating the lack of a Union attack, Joseph Wheeler heads northeast of Macon into the Right Wing of Sherman's army. The army had bypassed Macon.
  City of Macon, Georgia
  March to the Sea
November 20, 1864 Henry Slocum spares Madison, Georgia (Morgan County). Joshua Hill, who knew Sherman's brother John, was the last Confederate senator to leave Washington D. C., and had met Sherman during the Atlanta Campaign, rode out to meet Slocum and ask that the town be spared destruction. Slocum granted the request, ordering the town be spared. In spite of the order the town was heavily looted.
  Morgan County, Georgia
  March to the Sea
November 21, 1864 William Hardee orders militia from Macon under the command of P. J. Phillips to advance to Augusta to assist in defending the arsonal there.
  March to the Sea
November 22, 1864 Battle of Griswoldville. General P. J. Phillips advances into the Right Wing of Sherman's Army and attacks the battle-hardened veterans with militia. The result is a disasterous, pointless loss for the Confederates.
  March to the Sea
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Brigadier General Pleasant J. Philips
  Battle of Griswoldville
November 23, 1864 Union troops arrive in Milledgeville early in the morning, having spent the previous night on the outskirts to the north of the state capital.
  March to the Sea
  Milledgeville
November 25, 1864 Confederate Cavalry under "Fighting Joe" Wheeler attack a Union Cavalry detachment in Sandersville (Washington County).
  Washington County, Georgia
  March to the Sea
November 26, 1864 Warehouses and Tennille railroad depot (Washington County) burned.
  Washington County, Georgia
  March to the Sea
November 26, 1864 Washington County Courthouse burned by Union soldiers.
  Washington County, Georgia
  March to the Sea
November 26, 1864 Atlanta reoccupied by Confederate forces
November 28, 1864 Battle of Buckhead Creek
  Civil War - 1864
  March to the Sea
  William Tecumseh Sherman
November 30, 1864 Battle of Franklin, Tennessee
  Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
  Civil War - 1864
December 3, 1864 Sherman's Left Wing attempts to liberate the prisoner of war compound, Camp Lawton, north of Millen, Georgia, only to find it empty. Its 10,229 prisoners had been moved to temporary quarters in Thomasville (Thomas County) and Blackshear (Pierce County). Sherman orders the depot and a nearby hotel in Millen burned. Today the site is part of Magnolia Springs State Park
  Thomas County, Georgia
  Pierce County, Georgia
  March to the Sea
December 4, 1864 Statesboro, Georgia, is the first major town visited by the Right Wing of Sherman's Army in almost two weeks.
  March to the Sea
December 4, 1864 Battle of Waynesborough
  Civil War - 1864
  March to the Sea
  William Tecumseh Sherman
December 7, 1864 Mayor James Calhoun reports the Atlanta City treasury holds $1.64
December 10, 1864 The Daily Intelligencer returns to Atlanta from Macon
  Atlanta, Georgia (through 1900)
  City of Macon, Georgia
December 13, 1864 Sherman captures Fort McAllister. Two miles east of the fort his men make contact with the waiting Union fleet marking the end of the March to the Sea
  Civil War - 1864
  March to the Sea
  William Tecumseh Sherman
December 21, 1864 William Tecumseh Sherman captures Savannah
  City of Savannah, Georgia
  Civil War - 1864
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  March to the Sea
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