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Georgia History Timeline / Chronology 1865
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January 13, 1865 Flooding destroys property in east-central Georgia including Augusta and Hamburg
  City of Augusta, Georgia
  Richmond County, Georgia
January 16, 1865 From his field headquarters in Savannah, General William Tecumseh Sherman issues Special Field Orders, No. 15, giving "negroes now made free by the acts of war" abandoned coastal land from Charleston to the St. Johns River in Florida
  City of Savannah, Georgia
  Slavery in Georgia
February 3, 1865 Alexander Stephens, as Vice President of the Confederate States of America holds a conference with Abraham Lincoln on a ship off the coast of Virginia regarding the end of the Civil War.
  Alexander Stephens
  Civil War - 1865
April 16, 1865 Wilson's Federal cavalry captures Columbus and West Point
  Civil War - 1865
  Columbus, Georgia
April 18, 1865 Confederate Powder Works in Augusta ceases operation
  City of Augusta, Georgia
  Civil War - 1865
April 19, 1865 Skirmish at Barnesville
  Civil War - 1865
April 20, 1865 Macon falls into Union hands
  City of Macon, Georgia
  Union troops enter Macon, Georgia
April 20, 1865 Major General Howell Cobb surrenders his troops and the city of Macon, Georgia
  Howell Cobb
April 26, 1865 General Joseph Johnston surrenders to William Tecumseh Sherman on the James Bennett farm near Durham, NC. Georgia was within Johnston's military district.
April 27, 1865 Steamship Sultana exploded about ten miles north of Memphis, Tennessee. Many of the dead had survived horrible conditions at Georgia's Andersonville Prison and were returning home.
  Camp Sumter, Andersonville, Georgia
  Civil War - 1865
May 3, 1865 Governor Joseph Brown calls the state legislature to session for May 22, "...in order that measures might be taken to prevent anarchy, restore and preserve order, and save what remains of liberty and civilization."
May 7, 1865 Henry Wirz, commander of inmates at Andersonville (Camp Sumter), arrested
  Camp Sumter, Andersonville, Georgia
May 9, 1865 Joseph Brown is arrested in the governor's mansion in Milledgeville by Captain G. H. Kneeland of the Union Army.
May 10, 1865 Confederate States of America President Jefferson Davis is captured in southwest Georgia near Irwinville
  Jefferson Davis
  Civil War - 1865
May 10, 1865 Arriving by train in Atlanta, Governor Brown rides by horse to Dalton under a "strong escort"
May 12, 1865 General William Tatum Wofford surrenders the last organized group of Confederate soldiers east of the Mississippi at Kingston, Georgia
  William Tatum Wofford
  Civil War - 1865
May 15, 1865 Department of the South declares Brown's call for a meeting of the legislature on May 22 null and void.
May 29, 1865 Andrew Johnson rescinds Sherman's Special Order 15, returning the confiscated and abandoned land to its original owners.
June 17, 1865 James Johnson, a pro-Union Georgian appointed by President Andrew Johnson begins term as governor of Georgia
  Governors of Georgia, 1801-1900
June 20, 1865 Orders for the release of former Georgia Governor Joe Brown from Carroll Prison (Old Capitol Prison) are issued
June 29, 1865 Governor Brown resigns in an address to the people of Georgia.
July 14, 1865 Atlanta National Bank, the first national bank in Georgia (and the Southeastern United States) is proposed by Alfred Austell
  Wachovia and First Union Banks
September 2, 1865 Conf. General Alfred Austell establishes Atlanta National Bank
  Wachovia and First Union Banks
October 28, 1865 Frederick Ayers begins teaching black students in a boxcar in Atlanta. In 1867 this operation will be chartered Atlanta University by the state of Georgia
November 10, 1865 Henry Wirz (not Wirtz, as his name is frequently misspelled), commander of the Confederate prisoner of war garrison at Andersonville, is hung in Washington, D. C.
  Camp Sumter, Andersonville, Georgia
November 15, 1865 Charles Jenkins elected governor. He is the only candidate
  Charles Jones Jenkins
December 6, 1865 Georgia ratifies the 13th Amendment to the Constitution
  Georgia, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution
December 14, 1865 Charles Jones Jenkins begins term as governor of Georgia
  Charles Jones Jenkins
  Governors of Georgia, 1801-1900
December 19, 1865 Governor James Johnson, who had been appointed by Andrew Johnson (no relation), gives up the position to Charles Jenkins, who had been inaugurated five days earlier
  Charles Jones Jenkins
December 19, 1865 Atlanta National Bank opens its doors. With capital stock of more than $100,000, and the first national bank in the Southeast, Atlanta National gave the Gate City the ability to fund growth.
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